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tv   BBC News  BBC News  May 16, 2019 4:00am-4:32am BST

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welcome to bbc news — broadcasting to viewers in north america and around the globe. my name is mike embley. our top stories: president trump declares a national emergency to stop us companies using any telecoms equipment from foreign companies seen as a threat. the governor of alabama signs into law a bill outlawing almost all abortions, even in cases of rape and incest. the un says houthi rebels in yemen have stuck to a deal to pull out of three ports, a lifeline for a war—torn nation. and could this be the future for exporting cargo? we'll tell you about the t—pod, a driver—free lorry.
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hello. president trump has declared a national emergency to protect us computer networks from what he called "foreign adversaries." the executive order will ban american companies from using foreign telecoms that might pose a security risk. in a separate move, the us commerce department has placed the chinese telecoms company huawei on a special list. this means american firms will require a government licence to sell goods and and services to huawei. huawei has issued this statement: huawei is the unparalleled leader in 56. we are ready and willing to engage with the us government and come up with effective measures to ensure product security. it goes on to say that restricting huawei from doing business in the us
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will not make the us more secure or stronger but will instead only serve to limit the us to inferior yet more expensive alternatives. our north america correspondent, peter bowes, has more on the order. it does seem pretty certain that the trump administration has huawei in its sights, although the white house describing its statement as "agnostic," in other words not mentioning any specific countries or companies. but it is quite clear that this chinese telecom giant must be in its sights. certainly there has been concern expressed for some time that the technology could be used in ways to carry out espionage, to carry out surveillance not only in the us but in other countries, the uk specifically, which are developing 56 technology which seems to rely on huawei for some of the hardware. that seems to be central, certainly to the american concerns, that it does depend on some of the tech that is produced in china to move forward with 56. it's very apparent that donald trump wants to lead the way with that technology.
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in many respects this is simply another war with china on a different level, maybe quite separate from the trade talks which have taken a nosedive in recent days. so, quickly becoming an economic question and a national security question. is the statement released by huawei likely to make any difference? i think it's likely to make no difference at all. i think the trump administration is very determined in its course of action and this may well just be the beginning. lots of people suggesting this could be foreshadowing what is to come in terms of perhaps a total ban on huawei in the months and years to come. we will have to see what happens. this statement certainly seems to suggest that huawei are reaching
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out to the us, prepared to talk about security and i think perhaps trying to reassure the us that it is on the same page. i don't really think it is enough to convince the trump administration, though. peter bowes there. the governor of alabama has signed into law a bill which outlaws almost all abortions, even in cases of rape and incest. the only exemption: when the mother's life is judged to be at serious risk. the new law is part of a move across an increasing number of american states — supporters have made it clear they want the issue to go all the way to the supreme court, as a challenge to the long—standing legal precedent, roe v wade. aleem maqbool reports from alabama. crowd chanting: my body... my choice. my body... all eyes were on alabama for a sign of where america is heading. and its senators did this...
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25 ayes, six nays, one abstention. house bill 314 passes. that bill all but outlaws abortion in the states at any stage of pregnancy, and with no exemptions for rape or incest. women do have rights and i think that if it is a rape there is a plan b. you know, so they do have options. and so there are other options out there that they can explore, but i think that abortion is a wrong thing. not so much as a religion thing, but ijust think it's a murder. i live with grief... dina was 17 when she was raped. she found out she was pregnant. the baby that had a condition that meant it wouldn't survive long, but too late to have an abortion here. how does she feel that almost all women in her state will also now have no choice? the reasons why people would seek an abortion, they're all significant, they're all something to be,
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to be treated with empathy and kindness and dignity and i don't see that happening now. well, this is one of the few abortion clinics that remains in alabama, a place where there has been pressure from conservatives for years, leading up to this point. and even though this new law has not yet come into force, this place has been inundated with calls from women panicking about what to do now. the law they are protesting against here may be the most restrictive, but there are anti—abortion measures being tabled in many states right now. it's happening now because trump is in office right now. he's stacked the supreme court now with very conservative members on the supreme court, and i think folks are emboldened across the country. they think that they have a way or a means now in order to be able to overturn roe v wade. the sponsor of our bill here in the state of alabama has said that was her goal, was to overturn roe v wade. roe v wade's the landmark ruling that gave the women the right
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to an abortion in the us. that right, for many millions of women, does suddenly look very vulnerable. uleem maqbool, bbc news, in montgomery, alabama. let's get some of the day's other news. talks on moving sudan towards civilian rule have been suspended for three days by the country's military leaders, who are demanding that protesters clear roadblocks. these pictures of shots being fired were taken by an eyewitness in the capital, khartoum. at least nine people were wounded when soldiers opened fire on protestors outside army headquarters. all non—emergency us government staff at the embassy in baghdad and consulate in erbil have been ordered to leave iraq as soon as possible. the us military has raised the threat level in the middle east in response, it says, to intelligence about forces backed by iran. the german and dutch armies have also suspended the training of iraqi soldiers. officials have declared an environmental emergency in mexico city, where air pollution has reached levels potentially dangerous to human health. smoke from nearby forest fires combined with stagnant weather conditions has cloaked
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the capital in a grey smog. residents are being urged to stay indoors. six months since a peace deal for yemen was agreed in stockholm, parts of that agreement have finally been implemented. un officials say houthi forces have now pulled out of three key ports on the west coast of yemen, but there's a lot more work still to be done. this from our chief international correspondent, lyse doucet. the houthis say they've left. fighters filmed piling into pickups at ports on yemen's west coast. the pull—out took four days.
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most of yemen's aid is coming through here, vitalfor a nation on the brink of famine. through here, of famine. the un's role is critical. they will manage these crucial ports. first, a confirmation they have kept their word. we will agree with the deployment and there are a few outstanding issues. there is scepticism. the government accuses their rivals of changing clothes, posing now as coastguards. but there is pressure to move forward. today marks six months since a landmark deal was achieved in stockholm, lauded as the greatest achievement in years. there is a catastrophe unfolding in yemen and we have to stop it.
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so many more steps are needed. four years of fighting have left yemen in ruin, a people on the run from violence and hunger. what yemen needs now is peace. lyse doucet, bbc news. president trump's national emergency —— national emergency to protect communication networks against foreign companies. there is a movement by the commerce department against the chinese giant huawei. i'm nowjoined from beijing by stephen mcdonell, this is a trade war national security or, how is china likely to react? huawei has made a statement and even though the company itself wasn't named, it sees that it's the of this and it's been a bit of a carrot and stick response. on the one hand, this chinese tech
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giant is saying to the us, we can sit down with you and work through the technical difficulties. we can find a solution to give you this security. to enable huawei to keep selling equipment to the us. the united states is not only not buying the best gear, it says, it also means it's not buying the cheapest gearso means it's not buying the cheapest gear so it's going to have to go to other countries where us consumers are going to have to pay more. then an additional layer of warning from huawei has been that there is a suggestion a court appearance or something like this, a vague mention that it something like this, a vague mention thatitis something like this, a vague mention that it is completely legal. i'm not an expert. they might say this is a
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national security matter. a move against free trade. the us government can do what it likes on those fronts but we are getting pushback already from huawei, the company, and we may well in a few hours get some pushback from the chinese government. at the regular foreign ministry press briefing. stephen, you would know the detail much better than me but it's a problem for huawei making their case the chinese law does oblige any company to make available to the state a ny company to make available to the state any data and information the state any data and information the state requires. it's simply not possible a company to resist and carry on trading. this is the crux of the debate, the western intelligence agencies have said huawei, if called upon would help the chinese communist party and huawei has said it wouldn't do that. we have had huawei coming out and saying in britain, that it would
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not do that, if huawei was called upon to hand over whatever information it can glean from running those networks, it wouldn't pass them on. i think many china observers would find it hard to believe that huawei might resist such requests from the chinese government. this is all hypothetical. talking about hypothetical. talking about hypothetical requests and they might even say why would the chinese government do that because if it was to bring the company into disrepute, it would also bring its tech future into disrepute because huawei is seen as a into disrepute because huawei is seen as a sort of champion of modern china, the new economy. so huawei says, why would our government risk that? i'm not sure those reassu ra nces that? i'm not sure those reassurances are enough western intelligence agencies and on and on this debate goes. we'll hear more about this in the months
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to come. stay with us on bbc news — still to come: seeing the wood for the trees — the hidden network that allows them to feed and protect each other. the pope was shot, the pope will live. that was the essence of the appalling news from rome the pope was shot, the pope will live. that was the essence of the appalling news from rome this afternoon, that, as an italian television commentator put it, terrorism has come to the vatican. the man they called the butcher of lyon, klaus barbie, went on trial today in the french town where he was the gestapo chief in wwii. winnie mandela never looked like a woman just sentenced to six years injail. the judge told mrs mandela there was no indication she felt the slightest remorse. the chinese government has called for an all—out effort to help the victims of a
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powerful earthquake, the worst to hit for 30 years. the computer deep blue has tonight triumphed over world chess champion garry kasparov. it's the first time a machine has defeated a reigning world champion in a classical chess match. america's first legal same—sex marriages have taken place in massachusetts. god bless america! this is bbc world news, the latest headlines: president trump declares a national emergency to stop us companies using any telecoms equipment from foreign companies seen as a threat. the governor of alabama signs into law a bill which outlaws almost all abortions, even in cases of rape and incest. well, behind all this is a move by many republican—led states to get the now more—conservative supreme court to overturn the constitutional right to abortion, established in the 1973 case roe v wade.
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at the centre of that landmark case, supporting the plaintiff known as jane roe, was gloria allred, now a well—known women's rights attorney. she spoke to us a short while ago. this is a very dangerous time for women and girls in the united states because this law that has been passed in alabama would provide that it isa passed in alabama would provide that it is a felony for a doctor to perform an abortion. the doctor could face up to 99 years in prison if convicted of that crime. the net effect of that for women and girls is that girls... or women who want an abortion in alabama will probably have to do have back alley abortions by unlicensed individuals who just simply want to provide an abortion to make a profit and often won't ca re to make a profit and often won't care what happens to that girl or
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woman on whom they perform the abortion, and who they may leave to haemorrhage and potentially die from an infection from an illegal abortion. legal abortions are safe but illegal ones are very dangerous. so this is a really catastrophic move by alabama and yes, they do wa nt move by alabama and yes, they do want the supreme court to reverse their landmark united states supreme court decision which said that a woman has a constitutional right to choose abortion at least at certain stages of her pregnancy. yes, there is that argument, that moves to limit abortion never really limit abortions, what tightening the law does is limit legal abortions, you end up with more illegal ones, more dangerous ones. yes, the ones hurt the most in alabama are poor women, young women like teenage women, girls who live in rural
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areas. they may not even... and women of colour... they may not have the money even for bus there to take a bus to another state where abortion is legal and affordable and available. and so either they will be. you take a pregnancy to term and deliver, i call it mandatory motherhood, compulsory pregnancy, or they will, you know... or have an illegal abortion, it's a terrible choice for anyone to make. obviously it's an attempt to control women and their lives and their future. they don't care that the women's lives are being placed at risk at all. conrad black has been pardoned by donald trump, who spent 3.5 years in prison. he is 7a, canadian born and a british citizen. into thousand seven he was found guilty of siphoning off millions of dollars from the sale of newspapers
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and he was convicted of fraud and obstruction of justice —— was convicted of fraud and obstruction ofjustice —— into thousand and seven. he returned to canada in 2012. 37 people have been arrested as protests against plans to build a new church in the russian city of yekaterinburg entered a third day. around 2,000 people have been gathering in the park square where st catherine's cathedral is going to be built. activists say it will destroy one of the city's few green spaces. ramzan karmali reports. day three, and protests and passions are still running high. these activists and local residents are protesting against a new cathedral. they want to protect what they say is one of the last green spaces in the city. translation: i believe that there are enough places in our city that deserve upgrading without the emergence of new objects of worship. to do it here instead violates principles of
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sustained development. these protesters have answered the call from social media and insist they are not anti—religion. they are just protecting the city's environment. laws have grown much tighter under president putin, with unauthorised gatherings quickly broken up by police. but not this time. the russian orthodox church says it needs new churches to replace those destroyed under soviet anti—religion laws. 10,000 have been built over the last decade. translation: to date, there is no legal and logical reason for stopping this construction. the legal process has been verified in detail and passed through all stages and all permissions. thereforr, with all due respect for the opinion, the protest opinion of our dear fellow citizens, with whom we now stand, this process will be completed. the church is due to be finished in 2023 and completion will
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coincide with the 300th anniversary of the city, russia's fourth—largest. the russian orthodox church has grown more powerful as part of a search for a post soviet national identity. moscow, ever wary, will keep an eye on events. now the hidden world that exists below ground, in woods and forests. some call it the "wood wide web", the way the roots of trees and other plants join together through a network of fungi, feeding and communicating with and protecting each other. now, for the first time, a major international study has mapped this underground network. claire marshall reports on how plotting future planting might help limit the effects of climate change. walk into a wood and you enter a peaceful familiar world. but what if you look down? beneath every forest and wood, there is a kind of mysterious underground social network. let's peel back the earth to take a look. there are the tree roots, and then mingling among them, along with bacteria, are thousands of superfine threads of fungi, known
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as hyphae. research has shown they are all interconnected. they can help each other by sharing nutrients and they can even warn of approaching threats. scientists have described this as if the trees are talking to one another. now, dr thomas crowther and his team have mapped this subterranean social network of fungi on an epic global scale. he likens it to producing an mri scan of the world's forests. we've relied heavily on satellites for a very long time to understand ecosystems, but now we are in the age of big data and machine learning, so by taking data from thousands of people all around the world, we are starting to characterise these incredibly important ecosystems for the very first time. there are two main types of fungal network. they both suck up the greenhouse gas carbon, a key factor in climate change.
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systems in woods like here in the uk absorbe more than ones in tropical climates, but they're more vulnerable to rising temperatures. we went to see an ecologist at work, taking samples in kew gardens. they can now use dna testing to tell what's there. all of this is filled with fungi? filled with fungi. the fungi are really good because they are three—dimensional. they make a network. if this network is broken it's bad news, not just for the trees, but the planet as a whole. if we create conditions through changing the types of fungi that are interacting with plants in the soil, in which then those soils start to stop accumulating carbon, or they start releasing it, then the rate at which we are seeing change will accelerate even more. there's an effective way to help fight climate change, and that's by planting trees. the new map of the wood wide web can be used to guide planters. know the right network to plug the tree into, and it will flourish. claire marshall, bbc news.
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for many companies around the world, it has become something of a holy grail — the self—driving vehicle. big names like google and amazon have invested milions of dollars in the technology. now a company in sweden says it's pioneered a global first — an autonomous lorry that drives on a public road. the bbc‘s tim allman has more. they call it the tea pod. it's not very big, it's not very fast but it is potentially revolutionary. this is, we are told, the first d riverless is, we are told, the first driverless lorry is, we are told, the first d riverless lorry let is, we are told, the first driverless lorry let out on a public road. not a very long road, driverless lorry let out on a public road. nota very long road, mind you, but we've all got to start somewhere. history is created in small steps. the first flight of their right brothers was 300 metres, this stretch of road is actually 300 metres as well so we're pushing history forward and, like i said, it's a small step but this is a
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young step for autonomous electric transport. the tea pod weighs 26 tons when full and there's no cab for a driver. that is estimated to reduce operating costs by around 60% compared to a normal diesel lorry. the hope is there's an environmental benefit too. with the growth of global transports, benefit too. with the growth of globaltransports, emissions benefit too. with the growth of global transports, emissions can't increase in the same way so we need better ways of transporting. secondly, we are clearly of the opinion that the future of logistics is smart, c02 friendly and is connected. of course, driverless lorries are not necessarily good news for, well, drivers. for now, the tea pod will trundle up and down this road but other routes are planned. this may well prove to be the future of transport and there may not be room for someone behind the wheel. tim allman, bbc news.
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one we'll be coming back to i suspect! and you can get in touch and most of the team on twitter. i'm @bbcmikeembley. thank you for watching. hello there. the temperatures peaked atjust shy of 26 degrees celsius yesterday in highland scotland. it was warm for all, but the 26 will be the highest in this current warm spell because temperatures and the heat are gradually going to ebb away. it'll still be warm through the day ahead and feel pleasant enough, but the high pressure that's been ruling the roost is drifting a little further north across scandinavia, so it allows more of an easterly breeze to pick up and it will drag in more cloud as well. the combination will lower our temperatures. still through the night under the starry skies it has been chilly in some areas. could be a little bit of early
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morning mist and fog — that will clear — and sea fret and sea haar in the north and a few showers potentially for the western side of scotland but perhaps later for northern ireland. for most, another dry, bright, warm day with hazy sunshine. we pick up a little more cloud filtering west across england and wales and a bit more of a breeze, and those two together will knock the temperatures down a little but still looking to reach 20 degrees in the warmth in the north and west but we will notice the keen breeze of the north sea coast. the sun is just as strong, be it 1a or 24. thursday and friday we started to pick up some rain. through the evening and 00:27:37,1000 --> 00:27:39,415 overnight. initially quite light and patchy but through the day on friday it could turn heavier and it will blanket falling temperatures in the central and eastern areas. chilliest weather further north under clear skies. friday looks like a cloudier day, as you can see. there will be rain, thicker cloud, enough to give showery rain. making its way westwards and eventually to the eastern side of scotland, so we will hold onto some sunshine in the
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western of scotland and northern ireland, but temperatures again down another two or three degrees, because not only were we have rain but the winds will be stronger still on friday. very keen for the north sea coast. we lose those winds in the south as we go into the weekend but we do keep the cloud by then, with showers around and light winds that will be slow—moving. the devil's in the detail this weekend. the weather front will bring more persistent rain to the northern half of the country, particularly scotland and northern england, perhaps not reaching northern ireland, and then further south we lose the wind but we pick up slow—moving heavy showers. they're close to a centre of low pressure. by sunday, that's almost gone and we're just into this very slack wind regime that means we will not see much whether generally slow—moving heavy showers moving out mostly in the north as temperatures start to bounce back in the south. as always, more regional detail on our website.
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this is bbc news, the headlines: president trump's declared a national emergency to protect communication networks from what he calls ‘foreign adversaries,‘ in effect barring american companies from using overseas telecoms firms thought to be a security risk. it's most likely aimed at the chinese company huawei, which has also been placed on a special list by the us commerce department. the governor of alabama has signed into law a bill which outlaws almost all abortions. the only exemption: when the mother's life is judged to be at serious risk. an increasing number of republican—led states are pushing to get abortion rights reconsidered at the highest level — by the supreme court. at a summit in france, five tech giants have announced an action plan they say will combat violent extremist content online. amazon, google, microsoft, twitter and facebook are responding in part to the mass killings live—streamed by a far—right gunman as he
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attacked mosques in new zealand. now on bbc news it's hardtalk. welcome to hardtalk. i'm stephen sackur. by the time vladimir putin's current presidential term ends, you will have dominated russian politics for a quarter of a century and already there is talk of manoeuvres to ensure his grip on power is maintained beyond 202a. here is the world's greatest ——he is the world's greatest exponent of strongman rule. my greatest exponent of strongman rule. my guest today has spent the putin yea rs my guest today has spent the putin years and thankless, fruitless opposition. grigory yavlinsky‘s brand of liberal economics and political reform has failed to take route. is it because, unlike
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putin, he

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